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Sunderlin

Page history last edited by Bonny Hart 9 years, 9 months ago

 

FrontPage  > Materials > Articles and Books

 

 

From Liza Sunderlin, a concise summary of verb forms

Available as a MSWord document here.

 


The Six Verb Forms of Present-Day Written American English [adapted from RL Allen]

 

Verb Forms without Time [Verbids]

 

In a written sentence these forms must have an X-word before them

 

Verb Forms with Time [Verbexes]

 

In a written sentence these forms have the time element already inside them. The X-word do, does or did is “taken out” for yes-no questions or for emphasis.

 

The Base Form

 

also known as the “infinitive” or the “to form”.

 

I must go, I might go, I should go, I will go

 

This form is used in many verb collocations, eg  I want to go, I have to go.

The ING form

 

sometimes referred to as the “gerund”

 

This form is used for actions that are current and/or interrupted and is also used to denote  “future”.

The DTN form

 

also know as the “past participle”  

 

This form is used when an action started in the past and continues to the present time.

 

DTN refers to the final letters of this form esp irregular verbs

 

The Non-Past Forms

 

These forms are used to denote actions that are done habitually, over and over again. It is not a present form and is not necessarily used for things that are happening “now”.

 

When the X-word do, does or did is taken out, the form that follows is the Base Form, eg. He does do his homework every day.

The Past Form

 

This form is used to denote actions that are completed, done, finished, not going to happen again.

This form follows all X-words except forms of BE or HAVE

This form follows any form of the verb BE

Active: this form follows any form of HAVE

 

Passive: follows BE

The –S Form

This form is used after he, she, it.

This form has “does” inside [except for BE]

The No –S Form

This form is used after I, we, you, they.

This form has “do” inside. [except for BE]

The Past Form is used for all subjects.

This form has “did” inside. [except for BE]

 

Eat

Eating

Eaten

Eats

Eat

Ate

Swim

Swimming

Swum

Swims

Swim

Swam

Fall

Falling

Fallen

Falls

Fall

fell

Do

Doing

Done

Does

Do

Did

Have

Having

Had

Has

Have

Had

Be

Being

Been

Is

Am, Are

Was, Were

Go

Going

Gone

Goes

Go

went

Sleep

Sleeping

Slept

Sleeps

Sleep

Slept

 

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